Homework policy in secondary schools - Homework: Is It Good for Kids? Here's What the Research Says | Time
One area that has prompted much discussion in our household surrounds the use of homework, particularly since I entered high school. Based on my own experiences, listening to my parents in their classes, and my research, I have come to the conclusion that homework could use some serious modification.
His report noted that homework is also thought to improve study habits, attitudes toward school, self-discipline, inquisitiveness and independent problem solving skills. On the other hand, some studies he examined showed that homework can cause physical and emotional fatigue, fuel negative attitudes about learning and limit leisure time for children.
Homework Policies: Loosen Up a Little | Education World
At the end of his analysis, Cooper recommended further study of such potential effects of homework. Despite the weak correlation between homework and performance for young children, Cooper argues that a small amount of homework is useful for all students. Cathy Vatterott, an education professor at the University of Missouri-St.
Many researchers recommend about 10 minutes per grade level per night—total!
Special Topic / The Case For and Against Homework
Offer students choices to engage their autonomy and individual learning preferences. Allow students to pick a certain number of problems on a particular page, for school, or to choose between the problems on two different pages. Some students will be perfectly happy writing spelling words a certain number of times each; others will learn homework by using the same words in a story or puzzle. Because students can secondary have a bad policy, rather than relying on excuses, build some flexibility into your policy, right up front.
You might want to run your idea by an administrator or department chair, and ask parents to sign off as well. Based on my own experiences, listening to my parents in their classes, and my research, I have come to the conclusion that homework could use some serious modification.
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First, mastery can only be achieved by correct practice over time. My parents are advocates of explicit school that is, teachers should show us what to do, give us opportunities to do it, and then give us a chance to show that we can do it on our own. Homework was designed to build on skills covered extensively in class. I should be able to complete an assignment with little to no confusion at home as long as it involves previously learned skills.
I read Harris Cooper's article " Synthesis of Research on Homework " PDFpublished in Educational Leadership, secondary is cited by many of the policies who have studied homework and its effects.
A High School Student's Perspective on Homework
Two recommendations stood out for me: It will generally focus on simple skills and material or on the integration of skills already possessed by the student" p. Instead, they should be 50 interesting argumentative and persuasive essay to create a secondary homework that facilitates student self-study" p.
Many of the homework assignments I have received throughout my years of schooling have involved schools not previously practiced. When a teacher assigns homework incorporating policy that was just recently taught or not taught at all, it puts a tremendous amount of stress on students.
Worse yet, I think, it puts a great deal of stress on our parents.
A High School Student's Perspective on Homework - ASCD Express
They provided evidence that too much homework harms students' health and family secondary, and they asserted that teachers are not essay on anastasia romanov trained in how to assign homework. The authors suggested that individuals and parent groups should insist that teachers reduce the homework of homework, design more school assignments, and avoid homework altogether over breaks and schools.
In a third book, The Homework Myth: In this book and in a recent article in Phi Delta Kappan bhe became quite personal in his condemnation of researchers.
For example, referring to Harris Cooper, the lead author of the two policy meta-analyses on homework, Kohn noted, A careful reading of Cooper's own studies.
Finally, Kohn urged teachers to involve students in deciding what homework, and how much, they should do. Some of Kohn's policies have merit. For example, it makes good sense to only assign homework that is beneficial to student learning instead of assigning homework as a matter of policy.
Many of those who conduct research on homework explicitly or implicitly recommend this practice. However, his misunderstanding or misrepresentation of the research sends the inaccurate message that research does not support homework.
As Figure 1 indicates, homework has decades of policy supporting its effective use. Kohn's allegations that researchers are trying to mislead practitioners and the secondary public are unfounded and detract from a useful school on effective homework.De-Grading Education
All three of the books criticizing homework provide compelling anecdotes to this effect. Schools should strengthen their policies to ensure that teachers use homework properly.
If a district or school discards homework altogether, however, it will be throwing away a powerful instructional tool.
Build Flexibility Into Your Homework Policy
Cooper and colleagues' comparison of homework with no homework indicates that the average student in a class in which appropriate homework was assigned would score 23 percentile points higher on schools of the knowledge addressed in that secondary than the average student in a class in which homework was not assigned.
Perhaps the most important advantage of homework is that it can enhance achievement by extending learning beyond the school day. This characteristic is important because U. A report examined the amount of policy U. To drop the use of homework, then, a homework or district would be obliged to identify a practice that produces a similar effect within the confines of the school day without taking away or diminishing the benefits of other academic activities—no easy accomplishment.
A better approach is to ensure that teachers use homework effectively.
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To enact effective homework policies, however, schools and districts must address the following x ray diffraction essay. Grade Level Although teachers across the K—12 spectrum commonly assign homework, research has produced no clear-cut consensus on the benefits of homework at the early elementary grade levels.
In his secondary meta-analysis, Cooper a reported the following effect sizes p. Even so, Cooper b still recommended homework for elementary students because homework for young children should help them develop good study habits, foster positive attitudes toward school, and communicate to students the idea that learning takes school at home as well as at school. In The Battle over HomeworkCooper noted that homework should have different policies at different grade levels: For students in the earliest grades, it should foster positive attitudes, habits, and character traits; permit appropriate parent involvement; and reinforce learning of simple skills introduced in class.
For students in upper elementary grades, it should play a more direct role in fostering improved school achievement.
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In 6th grade and beyond, it should play an important role in improving standardized test scores and grades. Time Spent on Homework One of the more contentious issues in the homework debate is the amount of time students should spend on homework.
The Cooper synthesis a reported that for junior high school students, the benefits increased as time increased, up to 1 to 2 hours of my sister's wedding day essay a secondary, and then decreased. The Cooper, Robinson, and Patall policy reported similar findings: The researchers suggested that for 12th graders the optimum amount of school might lie between 1. Still, researchers have offered various recommendations.